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贵宾棋牌贵宾厅ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo21,2012ThecomingfivetotenyearsarecriticalbothforChinaseconomicdevelopmentandforthegoverningoftheCommunistPartyofChina,giventheinadequatereformingeffortsandconsequentlytheincreasinglycompl,anditishel,Chinaisatacriticalmoment,"top-level"designatatimewhentheTwelfthFive-YearPlanhasjust,,wehadtomakeclearwhatitsgoal,,,confusionsanddoubts,tendencyofreformcannotbech,wearefacingsomenewissuesincludingmanyacutecontradictionswhichimpedesustainableeconomicdevelopment,socialstabilityandunderminethefoundationofthePartysruling,Therefore,thetop-leveldesignwetalkabouttodayisnotmereaboutthe,itisproblem-oriented,morespecifically,itisdevelopedtosolveinstitutionalproblemsunderlyingtheunsustainabledevelopmentofChinaseconomy,eliminaterisksforChinaseconomywhentheglobaldemandsweakenafterthecrisisoftheUnitedStatesandtheslowdownofChinaseconomicgrowth,andresolvesocialinstabilitycausedbysevererementionedproblemsandformulatemeasures,,ssocialandeconomicfields,includingscience,educationandhealth,therearemandastheonefortheTwelfthFive-YearPlanperiod,noroneliketheReportont,wewouldliketotoucheverysectorandeveryaspect;however,someofsuchquesnancin,thetop-leveldesigndealswithkeyproblemswhichmayaffectthewholesituation,aimstosolvecoreissuesandcontradictionswhichhaveexistedforlong,andtriestosolvemajorproblemswhichmayimpedethestablegrowthofChinaseco,thetop-leveldesigndoesnthavetobeall-inclusive,icharegenerallythetoughestissuesandhavearousedmostdiscontentandimpededorwillimpedethesocialstabilityandstableeconomicgrowth,anditshouldeffe,ideologicalstraitjacketneedstoberemoved,,,itshouldstartfromthesupremeinterestofthecountrysstability,aimatsocialstabilityandsustainableeconomicdevelopmentanddirectlyfacewhateverproblemswemeetinapracticalandrealisticway,,wearetoblameforleavingsomanyeconomicprobl,thepastdecadehasprovedthatasChinahasbecomethesecondlargesteconomyintheworldintheprocessofglobalization,massiveandknowdecisionsItis,,thereareopinionsoverseasthatChinaseconsGDPwillsurpassthatoftheUnitedStatesi,,thetop-leveldesignshallnotsimplyregardthepessimisticideasaboutChinaas"conspiracies",butregardthemaswarnings,findoutpossibilityofsystematicrisksafterChinaseconomicgrowthslowsdownandworkoutsolutions;ontheotherhand,weshouldnotblindlybelievethoseoptimisticideas,,ncingtheworldsinvestment,,solutionsandpoliciesfortheseproblemscannotbeworkedoutbydivorcingfromrealityorbyputtingasideothercountriesconcerns,interestsandpossiblecountermeasuresfollowingtheriseofChinaandthepossiblechangesintheworldenvironment. ,,noclearsolutionshavebeenworkedoutinalongperiodoftimefortheuseofagriculturallandfornon-agriculturalpurposesandtheresidentiallandproblem,,rightsandinterest,butalsoinfluencetheunifiedlandplanningintheconstructionofthousandsoftownsinChina,,fromtheperspectiveofeconomicdevelopment,increasingfarmersincomebytransferofland-userightsisimportantfor,solvingproblemslikeforceddismantlingandpeoplesappealingtohigherauthoritiesforhelp,rich-poorgapbetweenruralandurbanareasandcorruptioncandirectlyinfluencethestabilityofthegovernmentesstimeforthecentralgovernmenttomakeupitsmindtosolvethisproblem,asithasb …Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLuWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo208,2012(Total4210)Currently,,growingresourcesandenvironmentpressure,decliningdemographicdividend,theeconomicgrowthslowsdownandthegrowthmodeinvolvinghighinvestment,,moresocialvaluesshouldbecreatedbyfewerresourceinputs,dustriesThetransformationofdevelopmentmoderequiresthemanufacturingindustri,Chinaisseeingweakeningadvantagesinlow-costmanufacturingduetoincreasingfactorprice,,thecoretotransformthedevelopmentmodeofthemanufacturingindustriesistoshiftfromresourceconsumptiontointensiveutilizationoffactors,fromdependenceoninvestmentandscaleexpansiontofactorupgradingandvaluechainimprovement,,effortsshouldtargetonimprovingthegrowthqualityandefficiencyofthemanufacturingindustriesandestablishingthefactorproductivityindicatorsystemtoreplacetheevaluationsystemblindlypursuingeconomicscaleandGDPgrowthrate,toguidethetransformationofdeveldreflectstheco,theGDP,amajorindicatormeasuringthenationaleconomicgrowth,of,theindustrialvaluofaddedvalue,,industrialvalueaddedincludestax,salaryandbenefits,interestandprofits,etc.,contributiontothecountry,salaryandbenefitsarethecompensationforemployees,interestistherew,fund,energyandcompositefactorproductivityindicatorsystem(1)Laborproductivityindicator—,thehigherthelaborproductivityoftheindustry.(2)Fundefficiencyindicator—tefficiency.(3)Energyutilizationefficiencyindicator—,thehighertheenergyefficiencyoftheindustryandthebettertheenergysavingandemissionreductionperformanceoftheindustry.(4)Compositefactorproductivityindicator—,thehighertheproportionofrawmaterialcostintheoutputperunit,,ahighoutputaddedvalueratemeanslowresourceconsumptionandhighvalueaddedandcompositefactorproductivityoftheindustry.(5)Factorsubstitutionindicator—,plicity,conveniences,feasibilityanddataavailability,thefactorringindustriesaccordingtostatisticsbetween1999and2009,andconductsdynamicanalysisandinter-industrycomparison.(1),the,asperthestandardsofOECDandWorldBankandconsideringtheRDexpenseandintensityofRDstaff,thearticledividesmanufacturingindustriesintofourcategoriesincludinghigh-techmanufacturingindustries,middle-high-techmanufacturingindustries,middle-low-techmanufacturingindustriesandlow-techmanufacturingindustries,soastofindoutthechangeoffactorproductivityinindustrieswithdifferenttechnicalfeatures.(2)tio,thecomparisonofthefactorproductivitybetweenindustriesshallbemadeandtheindustrialcompetitivenessshallbeanalyzedfromtheperspectiveoffactorproductivity,soastoprovideabasisforindu

ChengGuoqiangAgriculturewasoneofthemostdifficultissuesinthenegotiationforChinasentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)andoneofthe,theevaluationoftheimpactimposedonChineseagricultureduringthe10yearssinceChinasentryinineseagricultureinthepastdecade,weanalyzedandidentifiedthebasicexperiencegainedfromtheopeningupofChineseagricultureandtheissuescallingforattentionduringtheprocess,andputforththestrategicdirectionandpolicyoptio:Openingup,GrowthandStructuralChangeChinasentryintotheWTOandtheexpandedopening-upofChineseagri,inthepastdecade,Chinahascontinuedtopushforwardtheopening-upofagricultureintermsofscopeanddepth;activelybuiltupthecapacityformakingcoordinateduseofboththedomesticandforeignmarketsandresources;strivedtoimprovetheoverallquality,operationefficiencyandmarketcompetencyofagriculture;andprovidestrongsupportandguaranteeforthenationalfoodsecurity,thesupplyofmajorfarmproducts,thesteadyandrapidgrowthofthenationaleconomy,:ernofagricultureInthepastdecadesinceChinasaccessiontotheWTO,%,lessthanaquarteroftheworldaverageof62%,makingChinaoneofthecountrieswiththelowesttariffsforfarmproductsintheworld1;compliedwiththecommitmentsconcerningtariffquotaadministration,adoptedimportcontrolanddomesticmarketmeasuresonkeyfarmproductssuchasgrainsandcotton,aswellasmeansofagriculturalproductionsuchasfertilizers2;cancelledsubsidiesforfarmproductexpor%.Meanwhile,Chinahasactivelyencouragedtheagriculturalintroductionandtheutilizationofforeigninvestment,andlaunchedprogramsinintegrateddevelopment,processingandcirculationoffarmproductsandtechnologicalRD,whichhaveplayedapositiveroleinpromotingthedevelopmentofmodernagriculture,upgradingthestructureofthefarmproductprocessingindustry,ricultureandtheestablishmentofanopen,fairandreasonableframeworkforinternationalandbilateralagriculturalcooperation;exploredandimplementedthe"goingglobal",includingprivateones,areactiveinoverseasinvestment,andhavelaunchedagriculturaldevelopmentandcooperativeoperationinSoutheastAsia,AfricaandSouthAmerica,formingasustained,stableandr,soa,ChinahaspromotedbilateraltradeliberalizationwithASEANandNewZealand;fullyparticipatedintheDohaRoundnegotiationstofacilitatetheestabli,Chineseagriculturehasbasicallyintegratedintotheinternationaltradesystem,withitsopening-upbeingbroadenedanddeepened,rehensiveproductioncapacityimprovedcontinuouslyInthepasttenyearsaftertheaccessiontotheWTO,Chinahastakenactivemeasurestodealwiththeimpactoffiercemarketcompetition,frequenttradefrictions,theinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheextremelyvolatilemarketoffarmproducts;managedtoaddressthechallengesoftheriseofthecostsofagriculturalproduction,declineofcomparativeinterests,andfrequentnaturaldisasters;,%,1%%from1998to2001beforeChinasaccessiontotheWTO(Table1).Table1ChangeoftheChineseEconomicStructure(%)from1978to2010

Figure1TypesofEconomicGrowthTrajectoryTheaboveclassificationmainlyfocusesontheeconomictake-offandthegrowthrate,,itisbelievedthatoncetakingoff,holeprocessofin,101economiesaroundtheworldhavesteppedintothegroupofmiddleincomecountries;andby2008,only13ofthemdevelopedtobehigh-incomecountries,completedtheirepicmissionofcatchingupandsucceededinnaturallandingathighincomelevels(theireconomicgrowthpatternisshownintherightpartofthesolidblacklineinFigure1).ThesesuccessfuleconomiesincludeJapan,SouthKorea,TaiwanofChina,HongKongSAR,PuertoRico,Mauritius,,witnessedeconomicstagnationorevenrecessionduetovariousreasonsduringcatchingup,andfellintothe"middleincometrap2"(theirgrowthpatternisshownbytheredlineinFigure1).Examplesincl-upprocesstherearetwodifferentscenarios:oneisanaturallanding,featuredwithsuccessfulindustrialization,slowdownoftheeconomicgrowthafterthecompletionofthecatching-upmissionandtheproduction(orgrowth)peaksofrepresentativeindustrialproductssuchasinfrastructure,housing,,,Germany,JapanandSouthKorea,whichcaughtupsuccessfullyaftertheWorldWarII,,whichmeansthemissionofcatchingupfailswhenthecatchingupprocessisinterruptedduetoproblemsintheeconomicsystem,developmentstrategy,andsocialdifferentiation,orforotherreasons,,000–6,,theeconomicgrowthslowsdownsharply–mostlybymorethan50%4–,,especiallysince2011,theChineseeconomyhastakenonsomenewcharacteristics,makingpeopleshowmoreandmoreconcernaboutthefactthatwhatalandingwillChinahaveinitseconomiccatchingupprocessandwillitbeanaturallandingorafallintothemiddleincometrap...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,"middleincometrap".Itroughlydescribessuchaphenomenon:whenacountrygetsridoftheMalthusianCycle,itseconomy,featuredwithindustrialization,willseethestartofeconomicgrowthinamodernsense;itsper-capitaaverageincomewillimprovesignificantlyinaperiodoftime,,itseconomystagnatesorrecedesforalongperiodandfailtogrowintoahig,Germany%;in1969whenitsper-capitaGDPreached10,440internationaldollars,,%.InJapan,%;andafteritsper-capitaGDPreached11,434internationaldollarsin1973,itseconomicgrowthdecelerated,and;from1973to1983,%.InSouthKorea,%;in1995whenitsper-capitaGDPreached11,850internationaldollars,itseconomicgrowthalsosloweddownevidently,%,from1981to2000,Brazil,ArgentinaandMexicoseconomyslippedintoprotractedstagnation,%,50%%respectivelyincomparisonwiththeaveragesduringtheirrapidgrowthperiod(1950-1980).Again,from1950to1975,theaverageannualGDPgrowthrateofformerSovietUnion,Hungary,%,%,%%respectivelywhileduringtheperiodfrom1976to2000,%(forformerSovietUnion,thefigurewastheaggregatesofallmembercountriesafteritsdisintegration),%,-%%respectively.LeiWeiTheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisishastaughtusaprofoundlesson,thatis,guardingagainstthesystematicrisksandstrengtheningtheprudentmacromanagement,itisofvitalimportancetodrawonandpaycloseattentiontotheinternationaltrendofreformonprudentmacromanagementframeworkandconstructonethatissuitedtoChinaeworkatthePresentStageofDevelopmentinChinaCurrently,thefinancialregulationinChinastillremainsatthelevelofprudentmicromanagementandtheconceptofaprudentmacromanagementhas,thelatenthiddensystematicrisksarepressingforthereformofChinabilityareincreasingAtpresent,Chinalacksaspecialdepartmentinitsmacro-controlsystemtogetagraspoftheoverallpictureofthesystematicfinancialrisksfromtheprudentmacromanagementperspectiveandtomakein-depthanalysisofthecloselinkpolicy-making,,themacrorisksfacingChinasfinancialsystemmainlyinclude:One,theadverseimpactofthedisequilibriuma,thepressuregeneratedbytheaccumulationoftheassetpricebubbles,suchastherealestateprices,,thepressurearisingfromthedrasticincreaseofloansthroughi,thegrowingimpactofthecross-bordercapitalflowonChinaralldevelopmentInrecentyears,withthedevelopmentofthepilotprojectsofcomprehensivefinancialbusinessmanagementandofmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperationrepresentedbywealthmanagementproductsandprivateequities,thecurrentlyenforcedfinancialregulationsystemisbeingfacedwithseverechallengesandthesystematicf,thereisalackofeffectivesupervisionovertheever-growingfinancialholdingcompanies,particularlythereislittlesupervisionoverthecomprehensi,,thereisashortageofunitaryregulatoryrulesonmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperations,spresentfinancialregulationsystemAtpresent,thePeoplesBankofChina,ChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionhaveconductedthefinancialsupervisionandcontrolinitsinitialform,thusofficiallyformingthefinancialregulationsystemcharacterizedbydividedoperation,dividedcontrolansBankofChinaismainlyinchargeofformulating,enhancingandimplementingmonetarypoliciesand,meanwhile,italsopracticesforeignexchangecontrol,exercisesfollow-upsurveysoftheinternationalfinancialmarketandissueearly-warningsonmarketrisks,supervisesandcontrolscross-bordercapitalflows,interbankmarkets,bankbondmarkets,bankbillmarkets,interbankforeignexchangemarkets,goldma,theStateCouncilapprovedtheRegulationontheMainFunctions,InteriorInstitutionsandStaffingofthePeoplesBankofChinaansfinancialregulationsystemInrecentyears,withtherapiddevelopmentoffinancialglobalization,liberalizationandfinancialinnovation,thefinancialindustryhasbeenopeningwide,thepresentfinancialregulationsystemhasbecomeincreasinglyunabletoadapttothechangesandtheinherentdefectsofthissystemhavegraduallyloomedup.(1)InadequatesupervisionandcoordinationunderthepresentregulationsystemCurrently,multi-industryproblemsaremainlysolvedthroughconsultationatt,theministry-leveljointconferencemechanismisonlyanexpedientmeasureforstrengtheningfinancialregulationandcoordinationunderthepresentfinancialsystem,,theministry-leveljointconferencesystemisusuallyatemporaryfinancialregulationan,forlackoflegalsupportonthenationallevel,theconstraintandauthoritativenessofsuchamechanismwillbecrippledconsiderablyandthedecisionsmadeatthejointconferenceswon,usually,“memorandums”aresignedbyvarioussectorsfortheestablishmentoftheministry-leepolicyorbusinessissues,thecoord,thoughthePeoplesBankofChinaplaysaroleinsafeguardingthefinancialstability,ithasnorelevantmeasuresandadministrativeauthoritativeness.(2)InadequateconstructionofthesystemforguardingagainstsystematicfinancialrisksTherehasbeeninadequateconstructheopeningup,thesystematicfinancialriskswillexertincreasinglyevidentinfluenceonChinasiveinthedaystocome,therewill,weshouldtakeprecautionsbymakingfulluseofChinaslatterdevelopmentadvantagesinsystematicinnovationanddesignandplaninadvanceafinancialregulationsystemconducivetoguardingagainstanddissolvingsystematicfinancialrisks.新葡京xpj国际官网appByTianJietang,ResearchTeamof"TransformingGrowthModelthroughTechnologicalAdvanceandInnovation",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicsResearchofDRCResearchReportNo205,2010ChinassoftwareindustryinrecentyearshasbeendevelopingexceptionallyfastandplayingimportantrolesinChina,thisindustrysdevelopmentalsoplaysirreplaceablerolesinenhancingindustrialinformatizationasElectronicInformationIndustryDuetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryin2009metdifficultiesindevelop%to5,%to2,,China%%%industrialshare,thesoftwareindustryhasbecomethemostpowerfwthIn2009,,%%sservicetradeexportpostedadramaticdecline,its,up35%,a10,000-square-meterlandspacecanattract1,000softwareengineersinindustrialbuildingsorinstandardpla,,whichisequivnassoftwarei,,theaverageprofitrateofChinassoftwareenterprisesisonly7%~8%,whichisfarlowerthanthe20%,thecorebusinessrevenueoflistedenterprisesaccountsforonly10%~15%ssoftwareserviceindustryasawholeis20%,whichisalsofarlowerthanthe40%profitrateinsomecountrieswheresoftwareindustryismature(quotedfromInvestinSoftwareIndustryWhenProspectsAreGoods,ChinaGuoxinWeeklyonTechnologicalIndustry,2008,9,1).TheInternationalDataCorporation(IDC),thesecondstageprojectmanagement,the,China,,andnearly70%~(IDC,WhitepaperonSoftwareCompanyGrowthRoadmap,2008,9).dustryCloudcomputingwillchange,itbreaksthetemporala,storage,broadban,theratioofasinglecomputerssystemsoftwareandintermediarycomponentsc,"cloudcomputing"service,sInnovationandDevelopmentChina,,,thegovernmentdepartmentshaveinTheresearchanddevelopmentofbasicsoftwareproducts,includingbothcoretechnologiesandsomekeygenerictechnologies,,i,theStateCouncilpromulgatedtheNationalPlanfortheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~"coreelectroniccomponents,high-endgeneralchipsandbasicsoftwareproducts"asoneofthe16majorresearchprojectsandenvisagedhea,,,ownedorsupportedbygovernmentdepartments,,whichhavebeentransformedintoenterprises,,,manyalliances,establishedwithgovernmentsupport,yImplementedChinasregiopatentedsoftware,insupportoftheNationalProgramontheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~%respondentsbelievegovernmentprocurementpolicyhasbeenfullyimplemented,%believethepolicyisnottrulyimplemented,%eignproducts;somegovernmentsareslowinupdatingprocurementcataloguesandunabletokeepupwiththelatestmarketinformationaboutproductqualityandprices;,,corporatelitigationcostsareveryhigh,,theoutsourcingofinformationandbusinesshts,customersare,andgovernmentdepartmentsfaincernandfearaboutbusinessoutsourcingandimpededthedevelopmentofthesoftwareindustry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

贵宾棋牌贵宾厅信誉:因疫无法聚会

365bet体育官方网站贵宾棋牌贵宾厅Intermsoflaborcost,%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkthatlaborcosthasrisenatpresent,,%ofprivateentrepreneursregardpresentmaterialpurchasepricesasrising,isesSince2011,theretrenchmentofthemoneta%ofprivateenterprisesareshortofcirculatingfunds,%%,privateenterprisesinnortheastandcentralChina,smallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprises,thoseintherealestateindustry,accommodationandcateringindustriesandinthemanufacturingin,privateenterprises,especiallysmallandmedium-sizedones,accesstobankloans,%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkitfairlydifficultormuchdifficulttohaveaccesstotheloans,%%,"payingextracosts,apartfromregulatedinterestrates,relatedtobankloans"hasbeendesignedinthesurve%ofprivateentrepreneurssaidtheyhadpaidalotormuch,%ofthemsaidtheyhadpaidnormalsums,33%ofthemsaidtheyhadpaidsome,%,,qu,"theissueofwhetheritiseasyordifficultforprivateenterprisestoraisenongovernmentalfunds"%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkitquitedifficultorcomparativelydifficulttoraisenongovernmentalfunds,%%,%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkthetaxburdenisveryheavyorcomparativelyheavy,%%,beingmuch"theproportionofcharges,fund-raisingandleviesintheenterprisessalesrevenuepaidbytheenterpriseinayeartogovernmentsatalllevelsapartfromState-regulatedcosts"hasalsobeendesignedforth%oftheprivateenterpriseschose"0%",%ofthemchose"0~%",40%ofthemchose"%~1%",%ofthemchose"1%~5%"and4%ofthemchose"morethan5%".Andtheproportionoftheprivateenterpriseswhichchose"1%~5%"or"morethan5%"th,aboutthepredictionofemploymentstraitsinthenextyear,%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkitfairlydifficulttorecruitworkers,%ofthemregarditasalittlebitdifficult,%%,%ofprivateenterprisesinwestChinathinkitfairlydifficulttorecruitworkers,%ofprivateenterprisesincentralChinawhererur,thenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprisesconsideringrecruitmentfa"escalatingexpectationsofjobchoosingamongmigrantworkersofyoungergeneration"and"excessivelyfastriseincommoditypricesheighteningthecostoflivingofjobseekersandloweringprospectiveearnings",whicharetoptwochoicesgivenbyprivateentrepreneurs,%%respectively,"shortageoftotallaborsupply"(%),"lowwageandlackofcompetitiveness"(%),"demandingjobskills"(%),"insufficientemploymentchannels"(%),"lossofemployees"(%)and"unattractivebrandsandbusinessscale"(21%).ByDaiJianjun,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo123,2010Thecementindustryisabasicindustryconsumi,theworldadvancedcementmanufacturingcountrieshascementoutputhasrankedfirstintheworld,yetthereisstilladifferencebetweenChinademissionreductionforthecementindustryandtoboosttheupgradingoftheindustryisofvita:ToRealizeEnergyConservationandEnvironmentalProtectionthroughTechnicalInnovationByconsolidatingthetechnicalresearchanddevelopmentofthecirculareconomyofthecementindustry,developedcountriesareconstantlystridingforwardtowardsenergyconservationandenvironmentalprot.EnergyresourcesconservatonbyusingindustrialwastesandtrashtoproducecementThecementindustrycanusethemajorityoftoxicandharmfulwastesasblendedmaterialincement1,assubstitutecementrawmaterialorasthealternativefuelsforthecementkilnwithoutcausingsecondarypollution,withoutusingspecialequi,~2007,theaverageamountofthematerialblendedintocementwentupfrom7%%inJapan,11%%inGermanyand4%to6%esoftheblendedmaterialhasenabledthematerialtoreplacecementclinke,,theproportionofheatprovidedbyalternativefuelsofthecementindustryinaggregateheatconsumedbycementclinkerthroughoutthecountrywentupfrom15%orsoto40%~50%(80%inHolland,rankingtop)incountriesofWestandNorthEuropeandfrom5%to15%%~90%incountriesofWestEuropeand30%lewastes,incurringtheleakageoftheburnedashescausingsecondarypollution,therefore,,thecoalsubstitutionratepresentedbythealternativefuelsofthecementindustrycametoapproximately30%nTheheatfromexhaustgasdischargedfromcementproductionaccountsformorethan30%peratureexhaustgasdischargedfromthece,nearly80%ofthe64cementkilnsinvestedbyJapanwereinstalledwithlow-temperaturecogenerationequipment,recycling48%,theUSCementAssociationclaimedthatthenewdry-processcemelpollutionBulkcementcarriersarefavorableforresourceconservation,p,bulkcementcanbeloaded,transported,storedandusedinasealed-offwaydirectlywithspecialequipment(tank-bodiedvehicles,vesselsandwarehouses),reducingresourceconsumptiononthepackagi~1975,%%,%%inmid-1950sand90%in1970sandnowremainsat95%,BritainandNorthEuropeancountriesallremainsaround70%.Inrecentyears,handling,transportationandstorageofcementpackedinbulkhavebeenalsorequiredinAsianandSoutheastAsiancountries(suchasSouthKoreaandSingapore).mentIndustrythroughTechnicalInnovationThecementind,thereweremorethan5,000cementmanufacturingenterprisesinChina,,%ofthenationaltotal,withlargeamountsofmineralresources,suchaslimestone,clayandgypsum,%ofthenationaltotal,theamountofdust(smoke)hasconstitutedmorethan30%ofthenationaltotalandtheamountofsulfurdi,,theenterprisesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmentadoptedadvancedrotary-kilntechnologies,,thecementoutputgener,thankstothelessconstructioninvestmentandshortconstructionperiod,~2000,whencementproductiontechnologystructureexperiencedsomechangesinChina,theratioofcementproducedwithsuchadvancedtechnologiesasrotarykilnwasconstantlydecreasing,whiletheratioofcementproducedwithsuchsmall-scalebackwardtechnologiesasshaftkilnwasincreasing,makingup80%,withitsqualitybeingpooryetwithahighconsumptionofresources,aseriousenvironmentalpollutionandalowlaborproductivity,waseliminatedearlyindevelo,effortshavebeensteppeduptoacceleratetheadjustmentofthei,byintegratingtechnologyintroduction,technologyassimilationandindependentdevelopment,Chinastartedtheresearchandde,thelate-modeldry-processcementpr,,theproportionofthedry-processcementaccountedfor70%ofthetotalcementoutput,winningini,theChinesecemententerprisesalsopushedthelump-sumcontractingincludingChina-madecompleteequipmentontotheinternationalmarket,makingup37%ofthekindontheinternationalmarketin2007.

ByBaShusong,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo47,2012ThecreditgrowthrateofChinascommercialbankingsystemhasbeenlowerthanexpectedsincethebeginningof2012,,onecriticalreasonforthis,apartfromtherestrictedcapacityofsomecommercialbanksingrantingloansduetoconstraintsofregulatoryindicatorslikethedeposit-loanratio,liesinthefactthatthenewcreditdemandsoftheinvestmentandfinancingplatformsoflocalgovernmentswithstrongcreditdemand,andtherealestateandtheinfra,small,againstthebackdropofdeceleratingeconomicgrowth,decreasingprofitsofmicroandsmallenterprises(MSEs)andincreasingdifficultyinoperatingMSEs,commercialbanksgenerallyareextremelycautiousaboutrenderingservicestoMSEs,whichisresponsibleforthegrowineenfinancialservicesprovidedbyChinascurrentfinancialsystemandtheactualfinancialneedsofMSEs,,themarket-orientedrestructuringoflargefinancialinstitutionsrepresentedbyjoint-stockreformandpubliclistingofstate-ownedbankshasmadeconsiderableprogressandfinomicallydevelopedareasintherestructuringprocess,financialse,howshouldChinasfinancialreformbepushedforwardInlightoftheachievementsinfinancialreformandthepracticalneedsofrealeconomyforthefinancialindustry,financialservicesforsmallandmicroenterprisesarerelativelybackward,theeffortsinboostingmarket-orientedinterestratesneedtobeintensified,andthesupplyoffinancialservicesisstillinsufnomy,theimprovementofsmallandmicrofinancialservicesisrelatedtoabove-mentionedsubstantiveneedsforfinancialservicestovariousde,well-developedsmallandmicrofinancecanprovidesupportforthefarmersindevelopmentofagricultureandruralareas,improveruralfinancialservices,helpredressfundingshortageofruralfinancialmarkets,fostercompetitioninruralfinancialmarketsandopenupnewchannelstomeetthefundingneedsoffarmersandruralMSEs,,thesmallandmicrofinancecanfacilitatetherationalandefficientuseofprivatecapital,guideandpromotethestandardizeddevelopmentofprivatefinancing,a,CultivateDiversifiedFinancingChannelsandUrgeSmallandMicroFinancialInstitutionstoProperlyPositionThemselvesSoAstoMatchupTheirFinancialServiceswiththeActualNeedsofSmallandMicroEnterprisesAccordingtostatistics,Chinahasover10millionsmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)withlegalpersonality,accountingfor99%ofalltheenterprisesnationwide,contributingto60%ofChinasGDP,50%oftaxrevenuesand80%nsreleasedbythecentralbankshowsthatasoftheendofDecember2011,thebalanceofsmallbusinessloans(includingbillsdiscounted),%,90%ofbelow-scaleenterpriseshadnodebtor-creditorrelationshipwithfinancialinstitutions,neitherdid95%,inviewofthesizablesocialvaluecreatedbysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,financialinstitutionsareinclinedtograntcreditandotherscarcefinancialresourcestolargeenterprises,amovethatinactualitys,rationalbusinesspositioningandviablebusinessmodefordifferentfinanci,smallandmicrofinancialinstitutionssuchasruralbanksandsmallloancompaniesshouldbevigorouslyencouraged;ontheotherhand,largecommercialbanksshouldbeurgedtoprovideservicesforMSEsandadjusttheirclientstructurebyMicroFinancialInstitutionsIncludingSmallLoanCompaniesThepresentstrictaccesscontrolinthefinanc,,,intermsoftheoveralldistributionoffinancialinstitutions,insmallandmedium-sizedtownswithahighconcentrationofMSEs,thereareonlyalimitednumberof,strictaccesscontrolinthefinancialindustryservingMSEsnotonlyleadstoinsufficientcompetitioninthefinancialservicemarket,directlyincreasingthefinancingcostofMSEs,butalsobringsaboutsignificantlicensepremium,makingfinancialinstitutionsbecomeinclinedtorelyonpremiumsbroughtaboutbylicensingcontrol,,appropriatederegulationisnecessarytopromotesmallandmicrofinancialinstitutionslikesmallloancompaniestoprovidefinancialservicesforMSEs,andnewsmallloancompaniesshouldbeintroducedtoassModelforSmallandMicroFinancialInstitutionsSoAstoBolsterTheirDevelopmentThesustainabledevelopmentofsmallandmicrofinancialinstitutionsmeansthatsuchinstitutionscangenerateadequateincomefromfinancialservicestocovertheiroperatingcostsandcapitalcostsandultimatelysurviveandthrive,,themarket-orientedinterestrateregimeisconducivetothesust,onereasonforthepoorperformanceofChinasmicrofinanceearlieronisthatlowinterestratesweremistakenlybelievedtobeameasurefor"povertyalleviation".Suchpolicyorientationononehanddisinclinescommercializedfinancialinstitutionstoundertakesmallcreditbusiness,ormakessmallloaninstitutionsengagedinmicrofinancerelyonspecialfundingsupportandtherebyfailtorealizefinancialindependence;ontheotherhand,italsoleadstorent-seekingwhere,inordertopromotesoundandsustainabledevelopmentofsmallandmicrofinancialinstitutions,itisimperativetoallowthemtomakenecessaryprofitsthroughnormaloperationsandinparticular,topro,smallandmicrofinancialinstitutionsshouldfocusonthecustomerorientationofMSEs,providefinancialservicesthatbestmeettheneedsofMSEs,givefullplaytotheiradvantageslikedistinctregionalcharacteristics,lowinformationcosts,rapidbusinessapprovalandlowtransactioncosts,concentrateondevelopingpromisingMSEclients,strengtheninnovationonriskmanagement,adjustbusinessstructure,enhancebusinesscompetitivenessandtverallfinancialstructure.ByWangLiejunGongSen,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo50,2010Chinashouseholdregistersystemisnotonlyapopulationmanagementsystembasedonhouseholdregister,butalsoasystemonrightsdefinitionandinterestersystem,itisnecessarytobrieflyreviewtheprocessofthesystemsFunctionHasGraduallyShiftedfromRestrictingPopulationMovementtoProtectingLocalSocialWelfareInadditiontothegeneralfunctionsofpopulationmanagementandpublicordermaintenance,Chinashouseholdregistersys,thecouonandtoprotectthelimitedjobscreated,,formallyintroducedin1958,wasdesignedtostrictlyrestrictruralpopulation,itsfoodsupplybecameincreasinglysu,,,,"peasantworkers",thehouseholdregiemsandaspeasantsvirtuallyhadnosayinpolicymaking,ahostofwelfaresystemssuchasfullemployment,housing,medicalcare,education,nursingandold-agepensionweresubsequentlyestablishedtotargetonurbanresidentsonly,whorepresentedasmallproportionofChinaspopulationatthetime(LinYifuetal:ChinasMiracle:DevelopmentStrategyandEconomicReform,TrinityBookstoreShanghaiBranch,1996;CaiFang:ChinasCityDevelopmentinTransition–CityLevels,FinancingCapacitiesandMigrationPolicies,EconomicResearch,,2003).Asthisprocesswashighlypath-dependentandself-reinforcing,,andpartlytoregionalgovernments,afterthemid-1980swhenthehouseholdregistersystemceasedtoperformthefunctionofrestrictingruralpopulationsmigrationtourbanareas,thesystemsmainfu:,,othermeansoflivelihoodandjobswerenolon,,thismainlinebegantohaveanewcontent:gister,whichwas,inasense,,nowpubliclydiscussed,mainlyreferstothelatter.(1)Thereformofsmalltownhouseholdregistersyst,featuringtheliberalizationofhouseholdregisterqualifications,,thedevelopmentofruralenterprisespromptedrurallabortorapidlymovetosmalltowns,andsmalltownsalsoneededtoexpa,smalltownhouseholdregisterofferedlesssocial,thestatebegantoallowpeasantstoworkandliveinsmalltowns(excludingcountytowns)(thelandmarkpolicydocumentwastheNoticeoftheStateCouncilonAllowingPeasantstoSettleDowninSmallTowns).Aftersomeupsanddowns,anation,theGuidelinesforPromotingtheReformoftheSmallTownHouseholdRegisterSystemwerepromulgatedtowidenareasforpea,thequalificationsforsmalltownhouseholdregisterwereto"havelegalpermanentresidenceandstablejoborsourceofincome".Inpractice,"legalpermanentresidence"becamethemainqualification,whichgraduallyevolvedinto"housepurchaseforhouseholdregister".Ashousepricesinsmalltownswerenothigh,speciallyintherealestatesector,butalsohelpedsolvetheseparationofmigrantrural,smalltownshavefailedtoincreasejobsbyabigmargin,moreandmoreeconomicandsocialpolicieshavebeenintroducedinfavorofruralareas,potentialcompensationsforlandexpropriationshavebecomerelativelyhigh,andthepeasantswhohaveacquiredur,smalltownhouseholdregisterhasgraduallylostitsappealtopeasants,andsomepeasantswhohaveacquireister,insteadofhouseholdregisteritself,thathavearealappeal.

贵宾棋牌贵宾厅平台:长沙古镇上演铁花焰火秀

Note:Dishiddeninordernottodisclosethedataaboutspecificenterprises.*islowerthan500,:USBureauofEconomicAnalysis:http:///.eswhentheyinvestintheUnitedStates,largeChineseenterprisesspecializinginforeigntradeandindustrialtrade,,someenterprisesbegantopurchasethebrandsandmarketingchannels,computermakerLenovopurchasedthepersonalcomputerbusinessoftheIBM,andtheQinchuanMachinerypurchasedtheUnitedAmericanIndustries,,it,whenHaierestablishedplantsintheUnitedStates,itsstrategicgoalwastogainafootholdintheUnite,wh,computer,chemical,bio-pharmacy,veforresearch,developmentandinnovation,ithasattractedChine,LenovoestablishedaresearchanddevelopmentlaboratoryintheSiliconValleyin1992inordertoordertoboostitstechnologicalstrengthinthefieldsofopticaltransmission,,suchastheCITIC,theytransferredproduction,WanxiangGrouppurchasedtheUSSchelerCompanyinthebeginningofthiscenturyandthentransferredtheproductionofallSchelerproductstoitsfactoryinChina,whileusingtheSchelerbrandtosellthemintheUnitedStates.

博乐mg手机版ByXiaBin,,2011Aseriesofregulatorymeasuresadoptedbythecentralgovernmentsincethebeginningoftheyearhavebroughtaboutadownturnofthepresentmacroeconomicdata,yettherestillexistsapressureofpricerise,an,,somepeoplewhoareconcernedaboutmarketperformancebegintoworryabout"over-regulation"and"hardlanding"andappealfora"changeofdirection".Som,asaresultofworriesabouttheunsustainabilityofChinaseconomicdevelopmentovertime,everyoneagreesthatthemodeofdevelopmentmustbetrans,oce,ingeneral,therearedoubtsandconfusCurrentEconomicDevelopmentandtheFeaturesofChinasEconomicPerformanceatPresentStageHowtodispelthedoubtsandconfusionsParticularlyhowtofosterpeoplesconfidenceintransformingthemodeofChinaseconomicdevelopmentandenableallpeopletoovercomethedifficultieswithconcertedeffortsinfaceofthereleaseofpossiblymoreunsatisfactorydatainJuneItcallsforanin-depthanalysisofthecausesofthecurrentdoubtsandconfusions,particularlyweneedtomakeatheoreticallyclearjudgmentonthebasisoftheobjectiverecognitionofthefeaturesofpresentChinaseconomicdevelopmentandthoseofChina,weshouldenableourselvestocomeupwithafullsetofproperandeffectiveregulatorypolicies,ntfacingChineseeconomyisthelong-last~2008,thedouble-digitgrowthoftheChineseeconomythatoncestirreduptheChinesepeoplewasachievedthroughChina"excessprosperity"appearinglobaleconomyOneoftheimportantreasonswasthat,astheworldbiggesteconomy,theUnitedStates,byvirtueofthespecialhegemonyofUSdollarininternationalmonetarysystem,devotedmajoreffortstocarryingoutexpansivecreditpolicies,causinghugedeficitanddeficitspending,stimulatingnotonlyitsowneconomicprosperitybutalsobringingalongtheprosperityoftheglobaleconomy,,stimulatedbytheworldbiggesteconomythroughexpandingcredit,,,anin-depthanalysisoftheessenceoftheglobalcrisissuggeststhatthecrisishasbeenactuallyastructuralreadjustmentoftheglobaleconomicdisequilibriumcharacterizedbythepast"highconsumptionandlowsavings"intheUnitedStatesandrepresentedby"highsavingsandlowconsumption"inChina,aswellas,suchareadjustmentwillbelong,%,,theformerUStreasurysecretary,alsoexpressedhisworriesthattheUSeconomymayencountertheexperienceofthe"losttenyears"demandforChina,,seconomicdevelopmentdeterminesthatChina,weknowthatinthelongrunChinastillhasapotentialandopportu,evenifwedonottakesuchrestrainingfactorsasenvironmentandresourcesintoaccountforthemoment,internationalexperiencesuggeststhatitishardtomaintaintheinvestmentforthelastinghighgrowthseeninthepastwhentheper-capitaincomeapproaches5,000USdollars;thataprocessisneededforcontainingtherapidgrowthofconsumptionwhensocialpolarizationbecomesserious;plusthegradualriseofthelabor,theChineseeconomywillinevitablytendtoturngraduallyfromaplatfoseconomicgrowth,ratherthanamatterofeconomiccycle,,adoptionof"excess"dictionsinterveinandduplicateinpresentChineseeconomy,,whentheoriginalissueofeconomicstructurehasremainedunsettled,ChinaandtheworldworkedtogetherinarightdirectiontocombattheinfluenceoftheUScrisisinprevioustwoyears,,therealestatemarketdominatingChinaseconomicgrowthinasensehasseenitsownseriousproblemsofmarketstructureremaininglongunsettled(suchasthelaggingconstructionoflow-renthousing)and,sincethebeginningof2009,thechangeofthecontroloverthehousingmarketandtherepeatoftherelat,whentheconsumptiongrowthcannotbeaccelerated,thoughChinahasstressedpeopleswell-beingandexpenditureonconsumptionbyadoptingpoliciesforstabilizingtheeconomicgrowthduringtheresurgencefromthecrisis,yetChinahas,forthemostpart,adoptedthepoliciesaccustomedforthecountryforyearsf,coupledwiththerepeatoftheeconomicresurgencetakingplaceinsuchcountriesastheUnitedStates,thestructuralandcyclicalcontradictionshavebeenfurthermadetointerveinandmorecomplicatedintheChineseeconomy.ByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo185,,solvingresourceandenvironmentalproblemswillbopment,whichemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thefastersubstantialchangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopment,thedeepeningofreformandopeningupandtheinnovationofsystemsandmechanisms,andhighlightswell-definedresponsibilities,effectiveprices,,itisimperativetotransformandupgradetraditionalindustries,developemergingindustriesandstreamlinemajoreconomicrelations,suchasthosebetweendomesticdemandandforeigndemandandbetweensavingsandconsumption,soastolayanimportantfoundationforboostingthequalityandefficiencyofChina’seconomicdevelopmentandpursuingsteady,,fiscalandtaxrelationsarebasicallystreamlined,theframeworksandstandardsofpolicies,lawsandregulationsarepreliminarilyestablished,theresponsibilitiessandperformanceevaluationsystemsareimproved,majorprogresshasbeenmadeintechnologicalinnovationandpopularizationandinindustrialrestructuring,,,fasterandsustainabledevelopmentthatemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thecompatibilityofgrowthwithresourcesandtheenvironment,,animportantcontentistopursuedevelopmentthatemphasizes“resourceconservation,higherefficiency,andeconomicandenvironmentalprotection”.Inthelongrun,greendevelopmentandefficientdevelopmentareinherentlyunited,,theymaybecontradictorytoeachothe,econom,achievableeconomicgrowthshouldnotbecontainedsimplyinordertopursueexces,htofChina’scurrentconditionsandthroughscientificdeve,economic,legalandnecessaryadministrativetoolsshouldbeemployedinaunifidemandrelationship,resourcescarcityandenvironmentalcostandmarketmechanismcanplaybasicrolesinpromotingconservation,,administrati,moralconstraintsshouldreceivegrowingattentionandresourceconservnment-friendlysocietyandbecomeani,whichhavetobearresourceandenvironmentalpressures,,,streamliningrelationsandstrengtheningcontrol,thegovernmentshouldcreateamarketenvironmentthatfeaturespriceeffectivenessandfaircompetitionsothatenterprisescanhavesufficientpressureandmotivationtoselecttheenergy-savingandenvironment-friendlytechnologies,processes,protectionmethods,onment,enterprisescanpursuetheirownlong-termdevelopmentandint,rewardandpunishmentmechanismsshouldbeestablishedtoencouragetheadvancedandeliminatetheoutdatedandtoguidecorporatebehaviorsinenergyconserva,bystrictlyenforcingrelevantlaws,regulationsandstandards,byrewardingthesuperiorandpunishingtheinferiorwithfiscalandtaxtoolsandbyguidingpublicopinions,theenterprisesthatperformwellinresourceconservationandenvironmentalprotectionshouldbenefitanddevelopbetterandfasterandtheenterprisesthatperformpoorlyinresourceconsumptionaheeconomicstructurebeoptimizedintheco,overallplanning,,,Chinashouldproperlyhandlytheoverallandpartialrelations,thelong-termandshort-termrelations,theinternationalanddomesticrelations,,itshouldfocustimeandeffortsonsomebasic,keyandurgentsectorssoastomakebreakthroughs,helpsolvecrolesofmarketmechanismsinthespheresofresourcesandtheenvironment,priorityshouldbegiventosolvingthelong-standingproblems,suchaspricedistortion,administrativeaccessrestrictionandtheabsenceofmarkettradinginstitutions.--Improvetheprice-formingmechanismsforcoal,power,price-formingmechanismthatwillallowmarketcompetititiontodeterminethepricesofpowergenerationandsaleandallowthetransportshouldbereformedsoastoformatradingrelationshipinwhichkeyenterprisesmainlyoperateonlongandmedium-termcontracts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

贵宾棋牌贵宾厅LeiWeiTheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisishastaughtusaprofoundlesson,thatis,guardingagainstthesystematicrisksandstrengtheningtheprudentmacromanagement,itisofvitalimportancetodrawonandpaycloseattentiontotheinternationaltrendofreformonprudentmacromanagementframeworkandconstructonethatissuitedtoChinaeworkatthePresentStageofDevelopmentinChinaCurrently,thefinancialregulationinChinastillremainsatthelevelofprudentmicromanagementandtheconceptofaprudentmacromanagementhas,thelatenthiddensystematicrisksarepressingforthereformofChinabilityareincreasingAtpresent,Chinalacksaspecialdepartmentinitsmacro-controlsystemtogetagraspoftheoverallpictureofthesystematicfinancialrisksfromtheprudentmacromanagementperspectiveandtomakein-depthanalysisofthecloselinkpolicy-making,,themacrorisksfacingChinasfinancialsystemmainlyinclude:One,theadverseimpactofthedisequilibriuma,thepressuregeneratedbytheaccumulationoftheassetpricebubbles,suchastherealestateprices,,thepressurearisingfromthedrasticincreaseofloansthroughi,thegrowingimpactofthecross-bordercapitalflowonChinaralldevelopmentInrecentyears,withthedevelopmentofthepilotprojectsofcomprehensivefinancialbusinessmanagementandofmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperationrepresentedbywealthmanagementproductsandprivateequities,thecurrentlyenforcedfinancialregulationsystemisbeingfacedwithseverechallengesandthesystematicf,thereisalackofeffectivesupervisionovertheever-growingfinancialholdingcompanies,particularlythereislittlesupervisionoverthecomprehensi,,thereisashortageofunitaryregulatoryrulesonmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperations,spresentfinancialregulationsystemAtpresent,thePeoplesBankofChina,ChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionhaveconductedthefinancialsupervisionandcontrolinitsinitialform,thusofficiallyformingthefinancialregulationsystemcharacterizedbydividedoperation,dividedcontrolansBankofChinaismainlyinchargeofformulating,enhancingandimplementingmonetarypoliciesand,meanwhile,italsopracticesforeignexchangecontrol,exercisesfollow-upsurveysoftheinternationalfinancialmarketandissueearly-warningsonmarketrisks,supervisesandcontrolscross-bordercapitalflows,interbankmarkets,bankbondmarkets,bankbillmarkets,interbankforeignexchangemarkets,goldma,theStateCouncilapprovedtheRegulationontheMainFunctions,InteriorInstitutionsandStaffingofthePeoplesBankofChinaansfinancialregulationsystemInrecentyears,withtherapiddevelopmentoffinancialglobalization,liberalizationandfinancialinnovation,thefinancialindustryhasbeenopeningwide,thepresentfinancialregulationsystemhasbecomeincreasinglyunabletoadapttothechangesandtheinherentdefectsofthissystemhavegraduallyloomedup.(1)InadequatesupervisionandcoordinationunderthepresentregulationsystemCurrently,multi-industryproblemsaremainlysolvedthroughconsultationatt,theministry-leveljointconferencemechanismisonlyanexpedientmeasureforstrengtheningfinancialregulationandcoordinationunderthepresentfinancialsystem,,theministry-leveljointconferencesystemisusuallyatemporaryfinancialregulationan,forlackoflegalsupportonthenationallevel,theconstraintandauthoritativenessofsuchamechanismwillbecrippledconsiderablyandthedecisionsmadeatthejointconferenceswon,usually,“memorandums”aresignedbyvarioussectorsfortheestablishmentoftheministry-leepolicyorbusinessissues,thecoord,thoughthePeoplesBankofChinaplaysaroleinsafeguardingthefinancialstability,ithasnorelevantmeasuresandadministrativeauthoritativeness.(2)InadequateconstructionofthesystemforguardingagainstsystematicfinancialrisksTherehasbeeninadequateconstructheopeningup,thesystematicfinancialriskswillexertincreasinglyevidentinfluenceonChinasiveinthedaystocome,therewill,weshouldtakeprecautionsbymakingfulluseofChinaslatterdevelopmentadvantagesinsystematicinnovationanddesignandplaninadvanceafinancialregulationsystemconducivetoguardingagainstanddissolvingsystematicfinancialrisks.ZhangLiqunChina,weshouldno,bytakingthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowthandtheintensifyingpressureofmarketcompetitionastheturningpoint,acceleratetheeconomicrestructuringan,suchastheunstabledemandintherealestatemarket,thedelayoftheprocessofurbanization,obstaclesagainstindustrialrestructuring,unclearpropertyrights,interestsandresponsibilitiesanddefectivefulfillmentofgovernmentduties,ralongperiodoftimeandisaleadingforceforexpandingconsumptionanddomesticdemandAtthepresenttimeandforalongperiodoftimeinthefuture,improvinglivingconditionsoftheChinesepeoplewi,carstockperthousandpersonshadreachedabout52inChina,whila,,(floorspace)inChina,whilethatofJapanandtheUnitedStatesamountedto42squaremeters(in2008)and74squaremeters(in2000),inclusiveofurbanizationprogress,fvitalimportancetoimprovingtheabilitytocombatexternalimpactandstabilizingeconomicgrowthSince2002,theconsumptionupgradingfocusedonhousitalretailsalesofconsumergoodshasexceeded50%.After2009,growthofdomesticdemandhasreliedtoalargee,particularlytheever-improvingcapabilityforthegrowthofconsumptiondemand,eofconsumptiongrowthsincethisyear3,,itispredictedthattheconsumptionwon,uncertaintiesmayincreaseevidentlsedonhousingandtransportationontoatrackofstableandsust(1)Linkinstitutionalbuildingcloselywithpolicyreadjustmentandguidehousingdemandtoastableandsusand,themostimportantistolevyhousingpropertytaxandthecapitalgainstax4,thatis,tolevytaxesonthos,weshouldactivelysupportandreasonablyguidethepurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownerstrativecontrolovermortgageloanssoastograduallyturntherigidpurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownersresidencesorforimprovinghomeownershousingconditionsintoaleadingforcebehindtherealestatemarketdemandandtoenhancethestabilityandsustainabilityofthegrowthoftherealestatemarketdemand.(2)ActivelycreateconditionsforentryofcarsintohouseholdsEndeavoringtoentercarsintohouseholdsisonthewholeinli,restrictingdisplacementandexhaustemissionsandlimitinguseofcars,weshouldimproveandstabilizepoliciestowardhouseholdcaruseasurbanizationUrbanizationprovidesthewidestspaceforsupportingChina,byOctober2010,Chinasurbanpopulation(permanentresidentpopulation)hadtotaled667million,%.InternationalcomparisonssuggestthatChina,whatmeritsattentionisthat,accordingtohouseholdregisters,Chinasnon-agriculturalpopulationreached450millionin2009,meaning,wewillgiveurbanhouseholdregisterstoabout500millionregister-freeurbanandruralpopulationsinChina,in31yearsfrom1978to2009,thenumberofpeo,weshouldbynomeansunderestimateChinasfutureurbani,governmentpublicserviceandlong-termplanforurbandevelopmentarethreebottleneckissuesrestrictingurbanizationprocess(1)AcceleratethereformofhouseholdregistrationsystemPilotpracticehasbe,themainproblemsexistintheopennessofthepublicwelfareandemploymentchancesthatarecloselylinkedwiththehouseholdregister,formofthehouseholdregistrationsystem.(2)EmphasisshouldbelaidonprovincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatustoexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsabilitytoofferpublicservicesToopenupurbanhouseholdregistration,wemustexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsonsystemtogetherwiththeacceleratedenhancementofgovernments,province-levelmunicipalities,provincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatus(%%ofallcities)accommodated32%formofthehouseholdregistrationsystemaswellasconstructionofgovernmentsutregistersinthesecities,wecouldexpeditetheenhancementofthepublicservicecapabilities,onthisbasis,integrateandstandardizethecontofthepublicservicesystemaccordingtourbanpopulationgrowthafterthehouseholdregistrationlimitationhasbeenloosenedsoastomatchtheimprovementoftheurbangovernmentpublicservicecapabilitiestotheneedforpopulationtransfertourbanareasandtoguaranteethegradualoverallopennessoftheurbanhouseholdregistrationsystem.ByLaiYouwei,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo219,2012(Total4221)sLaborServiceDispatchingIndustryLaborservicedispatchingisotherwiseknownashumanresourcedispatch,talentdispatch,flexibleemploymentandisbasicallycharacterizedby"recruitmentbyservicedispatchingcompanieswithoutusingtherecruits"and"employersnotinvolvedinrecruitment".Servicedispatchingcompaniesaretherealemployersandundertakeresponsibilitiesasemployers,includingrecruitingemployees,handlingadmissionproceduresandsigninglaborcontractswithemployees;givingoutsalariesandsocialbenefitstoemployees;handlingsocialinsuranceandhousingfundforemployees;andattendingtoemployees,laborservicedispatchinghasnotlongexistedinChina,(FESCO)establishedin1979isinvolvedinpolicypersonneldispatch,andFESCOsservicesaremainlyaimedatworkingstaffsofforeignenterpri,someprofessionalintermed,alargenumberofpeoplewerelaidoffinChina,redundantlaborersappearedinlargenumbersinruralar,havingadaptedtotheenterprisesdemandforflexibleemployment,laborservicedispatchingindustrybroughtinlargenumbersoflaid-offworkersfromstate-ownedenterprisesandtookinmigrantworkers,,particularlysincetheimplementationoftheLaborContractLawonJanuary1,2008,therear-servicedepartmentsofsomestate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutionsandsomeforeignenterprisesbegantoemploylaborservicedispatchedworkersinlargenumbers,,therehavebeennoaccurateandauthoritativestatisticsaboutthetotalnumberofChineselaborservicedispatchedworkers,aytheMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecuritywas27million,whilethenu(regionsandmunicipalities)andfromnationwideindustrialunionsshowthatthenumbersearchOfficeofAll-ChinaFederationofTradeUnionsontherealizationofemploymentandeconomicrightsandinterestsamongworkersofcountrywideenterprisesrevealthatin2011thenumberofChineselaborservicedispatchedworkerstotaledabout37million,%ofthenationaltotal,andthatthenumberofservice%,laborservicedispatchedworkersaremainlymigrantworkers,urbanlaid-offworkers,universityandsecondarytechnicalschoolgraduatesandotherurbanpersonnel,,thelabndaryindustry,whilethetertiaryindustry,especiallysomeemergingindustriesrequiring,industriesemployingbignumbersoflaborservicedispatchedworkersincludeconstruction-relatedinstallation,telecommunications,postalservice,finance,insurance,petrochemical,port,power,tobacco,oil,waterconservancy,transportationandfood,ofwhichtheproportionoflaborservicedispatchedworkersemployedbytelecommunicationindustryhasreached40%ollowingreasonshavegiventractiontotherapiddevelopmentofChina,ialsocialgroupsCurrently,ChinasserviceresourcesfoveinChina,andsegmentationofregionalmarketsexistsinvaryingdegrees,makingitdiffic,somelaid-offandunemployedpeople,departmentsconcernedorganizethemtorealizeemploymentbywayoflaborservicedispatching,,manyuniversityandsecondarytechnicalschoolgraduateshavefosteredtheconceptoffindingjobsinvariouschannels,andtheywouldgetanemploymentfirstbeforeselectingajobsoastoaccumulateworkexperiencethroughlaborservice,somewell-educatedpeoplewhoarecompetentinfindingjobsacquireemploymentthroughlaborservicedispatchingtodowhattheylike,,thelaborservicedispatchingindustrywithanewtypeofindustrialrelationisplayingagoodpartofvitalimmediatesignificanceinboostingemploymentandimprovitowardimprovingtheabilitiesoflaborservicedispatchingcompanies,tighteningsupervisionoveremployingunitsandsafeguardinneedforrecruitingworkersEnterprises,largeorsmall,,itisimpossibletotrytocaptur,personnel-relatedsupportmustbeconstantlyacquiredfromoutsideforthedevelopmentofenterprises,"seekingserviceabilityinsteadofownership".Bymeansofthisflexiblewayofemployment,enterprisescanrealizetheimmediatesu,entrustinglaborservicedispatchingcompaniestosupplylaborservspoliciesandlawsandtomitigaterisksandbringdowntheoperatingcost,someforeign-fundedenterprisesdonotsetuphumanresourcesmanagementofficesbutcontractoutthisassignmenttolaborservicedispatchingcompanikersonaseasonalbasis,,laborservicedispatchingcaneffectivelymeettheemployingneedsofsomeenterprisesandcanreducetheoperatingcosts,,privately-operatedorforeign-fundedenterprisesallhaveinternalimpetustouselaborservicedispatchedworkers.

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